October 27, 2020

Officials back jobless aid, small business loans

Mnuchin said that in addition to the $130 billion that has not yet been spent from the Paycheck Protection Program, he would support reallocating $200 billion that Congress gave to Treasury to serve as a backstop for potential loan losses in various emergency programs being run by the Fed.

Many of those Fed programs are operating far below the levels that had been expected, so Treasury has not had to use the money provided to cover losses.

Powell repeated his view that providing more support was essential to keep the economy on a sustained upturn. He said that a big risk is that many unemployed people will have a hard time finding new jobs because they work in areas of the economy where job losses have been the largest, such as restaurants and bars.

Mnuchin was pressed by some senators to further simplify government forms that businesses need to provide to qualify for having their Paycheck Protection Program loans forgiven.

He said that Treasury and the Small Business Administration had made the forms easier to fill out but that he could support legislation that has been proposed to automatically forgive loans below $150,000. That, with the caveat that government auditors be allowed to go back and review any loans in that category where questions were raised about whether the money was obtained fraudulently.

Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., praised Powell for the Fed’s decision in August to modify its policy and allow inflation to run above the central bank’s 2% inflation target for a period of time. That would allow the Fed to concentrate for a longer period on pushing unemployment lower. Before the pandemic hit, unemployment in February was down to a half-century low of 3.5%.

Warren called this a “good first step” in reorienting Fed policies to deal with the income gaps between white and Black Americans but she said more Fed action is needed.

She said she has drafted legislation to require the Fed to report on what it is doing about income gaps between different segments of the population as part of the regular monetary policy reports it must make to Congress.

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